Well understand dating furniture by screws your
If you are trying to determine the age of a piece of American antique furniture , it will require investigative work. Look closely at the the different elements that make the piece of furniture. Examine the level of work that went into the furniture from the joinery, finishing, knobs, and more. Study the materials used from the wood, fabric, and screws. If you take all these factors into consideration, you may be able to figure out on your own if have an antique or a machine-made reproduction. When you are trying to determine the age of piece you cannot just look at furniture style.
These were cut with a jig or pattern, and an apprentice could create a very well fitting and attractive joint.
Popular here into the 's, these joints never gained acceptance outside of the U. European cabinetmakers continued their hand-cut dovetails well into the 's.
Here is an example of an Eastlake chest of drawers with characteristic "spoon" carving and "pin and cove" dovetails from the 's:.
As the dovetail joint evolved through the last one hundred thirty years, it becomes a clue for the age and authenticity of antique furniture. The type of dovetailed joint, especially in drawers, reveals much about furniture construction and dating. Dating Furniture Tips & Guides Article. PHONE: If you find Phillips head screws throughout, you don't have an antique. On the other hand, hand forged nails and screws with off-center slots and uneven threads can be taken from older furniture and used in a piece made yesterday. Check for the thickness of veneers. Jul 03, Business of Doing Business System for Dating Country and Primitive Furniture, Part One System for Dating Country & Primitive Furniture, Part1 The Business of Doing Business in Antiques - The Journal of Antiques and Collectibles - July furniture, hinges, nails, screws.
The next technological development in joinery was again American. In the 's, American furniture began to be mass produced, with interchangeable parts and speedy production for the growing and affluent middle class.
The slow and laborious crafting and carving, one piece at a time, by a master woodworker was not suited to the new mass market. Steam power, transferred by pulleys and leather belts, operated saws, carving machines and routers that could copy an original pattern exactly.
These routers were ancestors of the electric precision tools of today, and could be used to rapidly cut a machined dovetail joint. A close inspection shows no irregular saw cuts or variation from a skilled craftsman, but rather a precise and identical manufactured machined joint.
When dating a piece of antique furniture, one of the most important clues to its history is often overlooked. A nail may not be a noticeable style feature, but looking at them carefully can help. Screws that look like modern variations that you'd find in the local home improvement store have no place on antiques that date from before circa In fact, screws in general didn't really come into vogue until the turn of the 20th century. The first machine made screw was produced in , so anything that uses a complete set of screws. From to cabinetmakers used headless "machine-cut nails, that are tapered and rectilinear in shape. Modern "brad" and "penny" nails were introduced around Screws were occasionally used in furniture pre-dating the beginning of the machine era (Circa ).
These machine-cut dovetails are as strong and long lasting as the hand-made joints, and became the standard of better American furniture ever since the late 's. Here is an early example of machine-cut dovetails on a 's sideboard from a dining set:.
Other drawer joints include sliding keyhole or French dovetails that were have been used since the 's. In comparison, manually operated hand saws left a straighter pattern.
Dating furniture by screws
A handcrafted furniture piece does not set it in time as an antique. Furniture is still being crafted by hand today.
However, machine-made evidence does give you a better picture of when the piece of furniture could not be from. It can be difficult distinguishing the type of wood or finish used on a furniture piece, but these are important clues. Certain types of woods were favored during different furniture periods.
Simple Way To Hide A Screw - Average Joe's Quick Tips
For example, oak was primarily used in furniture made prior to Aftermahogany and walnut were very popular. Moving into the s, maple and cherry showed up in fine furniture manufacture quite often.
Many Victorian furniture manufacturers used mahogany and rosewood through the late s. Then, aroun oak became popular again. The type of wood used is not an exact indicator of age, but when you tie in the other factors like style and construction technique, you start to get a better idea of the date of the piece.
Original upholstery materials like silk, wool, or cotton were spun and woven into a variety of damasks, satins, and brocades with many different patterns. A wide variety of materials and fabric designs were favored for upholstery during different periods.
Schwartz is an upholstery guide that can help you decipher the styles that align with furniture periods. Closely review the screws.
Screws were not made completely by machine until The Phillips head screw was compatible with the automated screwdrivers used in an assembly line. A hexagonal or hex screw head has a hexagonal hole turned by an Allen key. An Allen key or Allen wrench is a hexagonally shaped turning tool wrenchwas first produced by William G.
Allen of the Allen Manufacturing Company in Connecticut; who patented it first debatable. Inthe flat-bladed bit for the carpenter's brace was invented, the precursor to the first simple screwdriver.
How to Identify the Age of Furniture by the Nails
Handheld screwdrivers first appeared after A power tool that does the same job is a power screwdriver. The hand-tool for driving cap screws and other types is called a spanner U. Nuts are square, round, or hexagonal metal blocks with a screw thread on the inside.
One of the most overlooked and least understood clues in establishing the date and authenticity of older and antique furniture is the story that screws can tell about the history of a piece. Screws are relative newcomers to the production of furniture primarily because they are so . Jan 05, The video above provides a great introduction to dating antique furniture and what areas should be examined. Take note of the shape of Author: Timothy Dahl. If you are trying to determine the age of a piece of American antique furniture, it will require investigative rhodeshotel.net closely at the the different elements that make the piece of furniture. Examine the level of work that went into the furniture from the joinery, finishing, knobs, and more.
Nuts help fasten objects together and are used with screws or bolts. Share Flipboard Email. Mary Bellis. Inventions Expert. Mary Bellis covered inventions and inventors for ThoughtCo for 18 years. She is known for her independent films and documentaries, including one about Alexander Graham Bell.
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